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Create an ABAP Package

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Create an ABAP Package
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Create an ABAP Package

2020-02-19
Create an ABAP package, which will enable you to structure your development objects.

You will learn

  • How to create an ABAP package, used to group all the subsequent development objects you create in this group of tutorials
  • How to create a transport request
  • How to add an ABAP package to your Favorite packages list in ABAP Development Tools (ADT)

Prerequisites

  • You have a valid instance of an on-premise AS ABAP server, version 7.51 or higher (some ABAP Development Tools may not be available in earlier versions)
  • Tutorial: Create an ABAP project

Generally you create one project for each backend connection, and then, inside that project, one package for each self-contained development unit – containing all the relevant development objects. A set of packages delivered together form a software component.

Each package is then assigned to a transport layer.

For more information, see SAP Help Portal: ABAP Packages.

Transport layer: A package property that defines the transport behavior of a package – whether and how a package and all its development objects are transported.

To export (or import) ABAP development objects into/from another system, you transport them, by adding them to a transport request. In these tutorials, you simply bundle all your objects in one request. However, in the real world, you cannot change a running system. Therefore, you generally have at least 3 systems: Development, Consolidation, and Production. These 3 systems all form one transport layer, as shown in the following image:

Image depicting step0-one-transport-layer

In the AS ABAP developer edition, we offer only one layer, SAP. In a real-world system, you may want to transport objects to several different production systems - for example, to transport some of the same objects to both a Financials system and an HCM system. To do this, you create two or more transport layers, as shown in the following image:

Image depicting step0b-two-transport-layers

Software component: Defines a delivery and product unit of a SAP software product. It comprises a set of packages that are delivered in a single unit.

For more information, see
- SAP Library: Transport Layer
- SAP Library: Software Component


Step 1: Create a package

Select the project you created previously, then choose > New > ABAP Package:

Image depicting step1-new-package
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Step 2: Define the package
  1. Enter the following and choose Next:

    • Name = Zxx_TUTORIALS, where xx = your initials
    • Description = Table tutorial
    • Package type = Development
    Image depicting step2-define-package
  2. Choose a Software Component, by placing the cursor in the field and choosing Autocomplete (Ctrl+Space), then choose HOME (default for customer developments):

    Image depicting step2b-sw-component

  3. Choose the following, then choose Next:

    • Application Component (optional) = CA (Cross-Application)
    • Transport layer = SAP (for SAP Standard Objects, default for application programming).
      (Note: In a real SAP System, you would have many options, but in this developer edition, we have reduced the options for size and simplicity’s sake.)
    Image depicting step2c-appl-comp-etc
  4. Accept the default proposal for the transport request if one exists and choose Enter. Otherwise, choose a new request, enter a description, such as “Table tutorial”, then choose Finish:

    Image depicting step2d-transport-request

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Step 3: Add to favorite packages

(Optional, but recommended): Finally, add this new packages to your Favorite packages:

  1. In your project, select (right-click on) Favorite packages, then choose Add a package…:

    Image depicting step4-add-fave-package
  2. Enter the first three characters of your package – Zxx, where xx = your initials. Then choose the package, then choose OK.

    Image depicting step4b-choose-package

The package is added to the list.

And that’s it. You can now group development objects that belong together in one package.

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Step 4: Test yourself
How can you make changes to your development objects without changing a running system?
×

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