Skip to Content

Identify Relevant Networks in Spatial Data

test
0 %
Identify Relevant Networks in Spatial Data
Details

Identify Relevant Networks in Spatial Data

Learn how to identify a relevant area in your spatial data in SAP HANA Cloud, SAP HANA database.

You will learn

  • How to identify a sub-network that represents only the area relevant to your route
  • How to create a circle to identify a relevant area in your spatial data
  • How to flag nodes of the transportation network located in a circle
QR code

Prerequisites

In this tutorial, you will learn how to identify a relevant area in your spatial data.
Now that you know the distance from your location to the target destination you want to go to, your next task is to find a route in the transportation network. Instead of finding the path while considering the whole transportation network, it is more useful to first select a meaningful sub-network that represents only the area of the network relevant to your route.

We will show you how to do that in these two steps:

  • Create a Circle for the Relevant Area
  • Add Flags for all Nodes in the Circle

Step 1: Create a circle for the relevant area

First, you need to construct a circle to identify the relevant area for the transportation network. The circle should have a minimal size and should contain origin and destination with a buffer of 500 meters around it. To illustrate how the query is being built we will use step-by-step queries with sub-SELECT statements.

Note, that generally, the center point of the smallest circle, which includes two points, is the center point of their direct connection line.

You can see in this image the circle you will create:

transportation area
  1. First, select the two points from the previous tutorials using this statement:

    SELECT
    ST_GeomFromText('POINT (706327.107445 5710259.94449)', 32630) AS START_PT,
    SHAPE AS TARGET_PT
    FROM LONDON_POI lp
    WHERE "osmid" = 6274057185;
    
  2. To create a line geometry, which is connecting both points, you can then use the function ST_MakeLine(*).

    SELECT ST_MakeLine(START_PT, TARGET_PT) AS CONN_LINE
    FROM
    (
    -- previous statement
    );
    
  3. To retrieve an arbitrary point on this line, we need to use function ST_LineInterpolatePoint(*), which takes a fraction of the line as argument. For retrieving the center point of the line, we pass the value 0.5.

    SELECT CONN_LINE.ST_LineInterpolatePoint(0.5) AS CENTER_PT
    FROM
    (
    -- previous statement
    );
    
  4. As a final step, we would like to draw a circle with radius distance (start, target)/2 + 500 around CENTER_PT. The respective function, which takes the radius as an input, is called ST_Buffer(*).

    SELECT CENTER_PT.ST_Buffer(4835) AS AREA
    FROM
    (
    -- previous statement
    );
    
  5. The above steps can be combined into a single select using method chaining.

    SELECT
    ST_MakeLine(
        ST_GeomFromText('POINT (706327.107445 5710259.94449)', 32630),
        SHAPE
    )
    .ST_LineInterpolatePoint(0.5)
    .ST_Buffer(5000) AS AREA
    FROM LONDON_POI
    WHERE "osmid" = 6274057185;
    
Log on to answer question
Step 2: Add flags for all nodes in a circle

Next, you need to flag all nodes of the transportation network located in the circle, by setting in_scope= true.

  1. First, we need to enhance the existing vertex table by column in_scope.

    ALTER TABLE LONDON_VERTICES ADD (IN_SCOPE INTEGER);
    
  2. Second, we fill the column with 0 or 1 based on the intersection with the identified area. We can use function ST_Intersects(*) to determine if two geometries intersect or not.

  3. Instead of using an UPDATE statement, we will use MERGE INTO, which allows a more complex update logic.

    MERGE INTO LONDON_VERTICES lv
    USING
    (
    -- previous statement begin --
    SELECT
    	ST_MakeLine(
        	ST_GeomFromText('POINT (706327.107445 5710259.94449)', 32630),
        	SHAPE
    	)
    	.ST_LineInterpolatePoint(0.5)
    	.ST_Buffer(5000) AS AREA
    FROM LONDON_POI
    WHERE "osmid" = 6274057185
    	-- previous statement end --
    ) circle ON 1=1
    WHEN MATCHED THEN UPDATE SET lv.IN_SCOPE = CIRCLE.AREA.ST_Intersects(SHAPE);
    
  4. You can confirm that you properly selected the nodes by using your preferred tool for visualizing the result set with this query:

    SELECT SHAPE FROM LONDON_VERTICES WHERE IN_SCOPE = 1;
    
    relevant nodes

By creating a circle in your relevant area and flagging nodes in this circle, you have successfully identified a sub-network for transportation, which you will consider for finding your path through London in the following exercises.

Learn in the next tutorial how to check if this area is suitable for riding a bike by visualizing edges and using Voronoi cells.

Log on to answer question
Step 3: Test yourself
You want to draw a circle around the center point of the line created between two POIs. WHat is the required function that takes the radius as an input?
×

Next Steps

Back to top