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Setting Up SAP HANA System Replication with HANA Studio

How to replicate a SAP HANA System in HANA Studio
You will learn
  • The prerequisites needed to set up System Replication between the Primary and Secondary System
  • How to enable System Replication on the Primary System
  • How to register the Secondary System


  • Step 1

    System replication is a high-availability feature in every SAP HANA installation, offering an inherent disaster recovery support. It is a mirroring configuration where you set up a secondary system that is an exact copy of the main, primary system.

    The instances in the secondary system operate in recovery mode, which means all secondary system services constantly communicate with their primary counterparts, replicate and persist data and logs, and load data to memory to build a shadow database. The secondary system is passive until the primary system becomes unavailable and a takeover is performed.

    System Replication Diagram
  • Step 2

    System Replication enables recovery from a data center outage by switching to a secondary site, in which the following prerequisites need to be met:

    • The primary and secondary system are both installed and configured. You have verified that both are independently up and running. Ensure that Dynamic Tiering is created for the secondary system; if it is not enabled, follow the tutorial series: Getting Started with SAP HANA Dynamic Tiering to enable the extended storage.
    • The number of hosts must be the same in the primary and secondary systems.
    • Multiple services of the same kind (for example, index servers) on one host are not supported.
    • The software version of the secondary has to be equal or newer to the version on the primary system.
    • The secondary system must have the same SAP system ID, <SID> and instance number as the primary system.

      Note: To make identifying between the primary and secondary system easier, navigate to the primary system in the Systems Panel. Right-click on the System > Properties.


      In the Properties Window, select Resource. In this window, you can edit the Description for your system, which will appear next to its name in the SAP Systems Panel. Edit the description to help you identify that it is the primary system.
      System Description

      Repeat the process for the Secondary System and any tenants in the Primary System . Your Systems Panel should now appear similar to the one below.
      Systems Panel with Descriptions

    • System replication between two systems on the same host is not supported.
    • You have performed a data backup or storage snapshot on the primary system. In multiple-container systems, the system database and all tenant databases must be backed up. This is necessary to start creating log backups. If you have not yet backed up your primary system, follow Creating Database Backups.
    • Prepare the secondary system for authentication by copying the system PKI SSFS .key and the .dat file from the primary system to the secondary system.

      Note: To copy system PKI SSFS key and dat file from the primary site to the secondary site, you can find the files at the following locations.
      The copied files will become active during system restart, therefore it is recommended to copy them when the secondary HANA system is offline.

    True or false: the secondary system must have the same SAP system ID, and instance number as the primary system?

  • Step 3

    With both the Primary and Secondary System added in your SAP HANA studio, navigate to the Systems Panel. Right-click the Primary System’s SystemDB. Ensure you select a user with the DATA ADMIN privileges (Refer to Create a New User and Assign Permissions for help on assigning permissions) - for the purposes of this tutorial, we will use the SYSTEM user. Select Configuration and Monitoring* > Configure System Replication.

    Configure System Replication

    You may be prompted to enter the <SID>adm credentials. Enter and click OK.

    The Configure System Replication window will open. By default, the Enable System Replication option is selected. Choose Next.

    Enable System Replication

    Enter in a Logical Name for the Primary System and click Finish.

    Note: The Logical Name is used to represent the Primary System. It can only contain characters Aa-Zz and numbers 0-9.
    For the purposes of our tutorial, we chose the Logical Name PM1Primary.

    Logical Name

    Now, to register the secondary system, the system must be stopped if it is running. Right-click the secondary system’s System Database in the Systems Panel, with a user that has DATA ADMIN privileges. Select to Configuration and Monitoring > Stop System.

    Stop Secondary System

    Select the Hard shutdown type, which stops the system immediately. You may be prompted for the <sid>adm credentials. Enter them and click OK.

    Note: If you have running statements, select the Soft shutdown type and select a time to perform a hard shutdown.

    Hard Shutdown

    Now, in the Systems Panel, right-click the Secondary System and choose Configuration and Monitoring > Configure System Replication.

    Configure System Replication for the Secondary System

    After the Configure System Replication dialog opens, select Register Secondary System, which will be the default option, and click Next.

    Register Secondary System

    Enter in the Logical Name, Primary System’s Host Name and Instance Number. For Dynamic Tiering, it only supports logreplay operation mode and you can only enable 2-tier synchronous mode replication. Select the Operation Mode to be logreplay and the Replication Mode to be Synchronous (mode=sync).

    Note: In 2-tier replication, there is only one secondary system per primary system. Synchronous mode means that the primary system waits for confirmation that the log is persisted in the secondary before committing a transaction.
    In logreplay operation mode, a redo log shipping is done after system replication was initially configured with one full data shipping. The redo log is continuously replayed on the secondary site immediately after arrival making this step superfluous during takeover. This mode does not require delta data shipping. Because of this the amount of data, which needs to be transferred to the secondary system is reduced.

    Configure Secondary System

    Review the configuration summary and click Finish.

    Review configuration summary

    The secondary system will now start automatically.

    You have enabled system replication and registered the secondary system with the primary system. The secondary system operates in recovery mode. All secondary system services constantly communicate with their primary counterparts, replicate and persist data and logs, and load data to memory. However, the secondary system does not accept SQL connections.

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