- What a Multi-Store table is
- Partitioning Types
- Creating Multi-Store Tables
- Step 1
Multi-store tables are a type of SAP HANA column tables which can have partitions in the in-memory DEFAULT COLUMN STORAGE as well as other partitions in Dynamic Tiering EXTENDED STORAGE.
Multi-store data management allows for administration tasks to be carried out more freely including:
- Moving data between EXTENDED or DEFAULT STORAGE
- Creating or dropping partitions directly in either EXTENDED or DEFAULT STORAGE
- Repartitioning a table, if new partitioning does not move data between DEFAULT and EXTENDED STORAGE
One function of multi-store tables is data aging which allows you to “age out” older data using Dynamic Tiering. Every multi-store table contains at least two partitions: one of which is in the in-memory DEFAULT STORAGE and the other is in disk based EXTENDED STORAGE. This allows you to still access and update older data without managing two separate systems for current or older data and is cost effective as well. There may be some older data that isn’t frequently used and so the “cold” data is moved into extended storage and the “hot” new and frequently used data remains in-memory.
Every multi-store table contains:
- Step 2
The types of partitioning include: range partitioning, hash-range and range-range partitioning, and time-selection partitioning.
In this module we will create a multi-store table that uses single level Range partitioning. With single level range partitioning, at least one range partition must be in the DEFAULT STORAGE and one range partition in extended storage. Only range partitions are supported when it comes to single-level partitioning. The diagram below shows the ranges that will be defined.
Note: We will store ranges 1 to 4 in EXTENDED STORAGE and range 5 and “
OTHERS” in the in-memory DEFAULT STORAGE. The “
OTHERS” range is optional but if it is created, it is always in DEFAULT STORAGE.
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Since multi-store tables have been implemented on top of existing HANA and Dynamic Tiering capabilities, existing limitations of HANA and Dynamic Tiering are also inherited by multi-store tables. The following are unsupported data types:
The following are limitations set on table and index definitions:
- No full text or geocode indexes
- Several clauses specific to in-memory tables are not supported, other clauses will only apply to either the in-memory partition or the EXTENDED STORAGE partitions
- No triggers on partitions in EXTENDED STORAGE
To create the single level range partitioned multi-store table, copy the following into the SQL console and execute it.sqlCopy
CREATE COLUMN TABLE "TPCH"."LINEITEM_MS" ( L_ORDERKEY integer not null, L_PARTKEY integer not null, L_SUPPKEY integer not null, L_LINENUMBER integer not null, L_QUANTITY decimal(15,2) not null, L_EXTENDEDPRICE decimal(15,2) not null, L_DISCOUNT decimal(15,2) not null, L_TAX decimal(15,2) not null, L_RETURNFLAG char not null, L_LINESTATUS char not null, L_SHIPDATE date not null, L_COMMITDATE date not null, L_RECEIPTDATE date not null, L_SHIPINSTRUCT char(25) not null, L_SHIPMODE char(10) not null, L_COMMENT varchar(44) not null, primary key (L_ORDERKEY, L_LINENUMBER) ) PARTITION BY RANGE ("L_ORDERKEY") ( USING DEFAULT STORAGE ( PARTITION OTHERS, PARTITION 2000000 <= VALUES < 5000000 ) USING EXTENDED STORAGE ( PARTITION 0 <= VALUES < 50000, PARTITION 50000 <= VALUES < 200000, PARTITION 200000 <= VALUES < 500000, PARTITION 500000 <= VALUES < 2000000 ) );
The above script will create a table called “
LINEITEM_MS”. The partitions defined for DEFAULT STORAGE will hold any records with
L_ORDERKEYvalues between 2,000,000 and 4,999,999, or
L_ORDERKEYvalues that do not fall under any other specified range. The partitions defined for EXTENDED STORAGE will hold any records with
L_ORDERKEYvalues between 0 and 49,999; 50,000 and 199,999; 200,000 and 499,999; or 500,000 and 1,999,999.
After executing the “
CREATE TABLE” statement, refresh
TPCHschema and make sure you see “
LINEITEM_MS” as seen below.
Note: Notice how the multi-store table does not show an “
EXTENDED” or other attributes in Studio
- Step 3
To import data into the newly created table, execute the following in a SQL Console.sqlCopy
IMPORT FROM CSV FILE '/hana/shared/PM1/HDB00/work/TPCH_Data/LineItem.csv' INTO "TPCH"."LINEITEM_MS";
Confirm the table has been filled with data after executing by right clicking on the table and selecting “Open Data Preview”.
Note: The “
IMPORT” statement cannot use the “
THREADS” clause since it will be loading into Dynamic Tiering.
- Step 4
There are several database administration views available to provide information for partitioned tables, including multi-store tables. Some of the information available includes:
- What partitions exist for a given table
- Memory utilization for in-memory partitions in DEFAULT STORAGE
- Disk utilization for partitioned data stored in EXTENDED STORAGE
Execute the following in a SQL Console to view the ranges created in your range partition.sqlCopy
select * from TABLE_PARTITIONS where TABLE_NAME = 'LINEITEM_MS'
You should see the following once you execute the statement above. Notice how “
LEVEL_1_RANGE_MIN_VALUE” and “
LEVEL_1_RANGE_MAX_VALUE” for row 6 is empty. The reason for it being empty is because it represents “
OTHERS”. Remember that “
OTHERS” does not have a set minimum value nor a maximum value, it simply collects anything that does not fall under any of the other partitions. If you scroll right, you will see a column labeled “
STORAGE_TYPE” which shows you what the storage type for each partition is.
To verify that data has actually gone into the partitions, we can individually check the DEFAULT STORAGE and EXTENDED STORAGE.
To check that data has gone into DEFAULT STORAGE, execute the following in a SQL Console:sqlCopy
SELECT * FROM M_CS_TABLES where TABLE_NAME = 'LINEITEM_MS' AND SCHEMA_NAME = 'TPCH'
PART_ID1 and 6 represent partitions in DEFAULT STORAGE and the “
MEMORY_SIZE_IN_TOTAL” column shows data has indeed been put into those partitions.
To check that data has gone into EXTENDED STORAGE, execute the following in a SQL Console:sqlCopy
SELECT * FROM M_ES_TABLES where TABLE_NAME = 'LINEITEM_MS' AND SCHEMA_NAME = 'TPCH'
Notice that only 1 partition is shown in EXTENDED STORAGE and that it has a
PART_IDof -1. The
PART_IDis -1 because although logically, the Dynamic Tiering portion has multiple partitions within it, physically the Dynamic Tiering portion is stored as a single table. Since the data for the “
LINEITEM_MS” partitions in EXTENDED STORAGE are in a single physical partition, we can’t tell how much data is in each logical partition. However, we can see from the “
TABLE_SIZE” column that data has been stored in EXTENDED STORAGE for the “