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Create a Simple IDoc Interface

Requires Customer/Partner License
Create a simple IDoc interface to enable monitoring IDocs with SAP Application Interface Framework.
You will learn
  • How to create a simple IDoc interface
  • How to use the IDoc Structure Generator
  • How to set up IDoc monitoring in SAP Application Interface Framework
MelanieCueppersMelanie CüppersJuly 25, 2022
Created by
MelanieCueppers
July 25, 2021
Contributors
MelanieCueppers

Prerequisites

  • You have set up SAP Application Interface Framework
  • SAP S/4HANA 1709 or later, SAP Application Interface Framework 4.0
  • Optionally: You have a working IDoc communication in place

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to create a simple IDoc interface that enables you to set up IDoc monitoring. In this process, you’ll use the IDoc Structure Generator to create interfaces to display and process IDocs.

If you don’t have a working IDoc scenario in place, the first three steps show you how to set up the IDoc communication with the IDoc message type FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA. Otherwise, you can skip the first three steps and set up the customizing based on your existing IDoc communication.

  • Step 1

    Open your system. Go to Configuration of RFC Connections (transaction SM59) and choose Create.

    Enter a destination name following the naming convention <SID>CLNT<client>, with <SID> being your system ID and <client> the client number of your system. As Connection Type, choose 3 RFC connection to ABAP system. Choose Continue. The settings for your newly created destination open.

    Switch to the Logon & Security tab. Maintain Language and Client and set the Current User flag.

    Create RFC destination

    Save your changes.

  • Step 2

    Go to Ports in IDoc processing (transaction WE21), select the Transactional RFC node and choose Create to create a new port.

    In the upcoming dialog, choose Generate port name and then Continue.

    Maintain a description and in the field RFC destination, enter the destination you created in the previous step.

    Create port

    Save your changes.

  • Step 3

    Go to Partner profiles (transaction WE20) and choose Create.

    Enter a Partner no., following the naming convention <SID>CLNT<client>, <SID> being your system ID and <client> being the client number of your system. As Type, choose LS (Logical System).

    In tab Post Processing: Valid Processors, enter Ty. (agent type) US (User). As Agent, enter your user name.

    Create partner profile

    In the Inbound table, choose Create inbound parameter. In the upcoming screen, choose or enter Message Type FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA and Process Code BAPI. Lastly, for Processing by Function Module, choose Trigger immediately.

    Add inbound processing

    Navigate back to the partner profile and Save your changes.

  • Step 4

    The IDoc Structure Generator is a report that generates most of the required customizing settings for SAP Application Interface Framework. To be able to use it correctly, you require a namespace.

    Open your system. Go to Customizing for SAP Application Interface Framework (transaction /n/AIF/CUST) and navigate to Interface Development > Define Namespace.

    Select New Entries and enter the following name and description for your new namespace:

    NS Namespace description
    DEMO_1 For AIF IDoc tutorials
    Define Namespace

    Press Enter to confirm your entry.

  • Step 5

    For the next steps, you need to create a package that serves as the destination for your newly created objects.

    Go to the Object Navigator (transaction SE80). From the drop-down menu, select Package, enter the name ZDEMO, and press Enter or select Display or Create Object. Confirm the dialogue window, enter a meaningful short description for your new package, and select Confirm. If prompted, enter a workbench request and confirm again.

    Create Package

    You have successfully created a new package named ZDEMO.

  • Step 6

    Internally, SAP Application Interface Framework works with DDIC structures, but IDoc Basic Types are not available as DDIC structures. However, the IDoc Structure Generator can create the required DDIC structure for a specific basic type and extension combination.

    Open the IDoc Structure Generator (transaction /n/AIF/IDOC_GEN) and enter the following general information about the IDoc you want to monitor:

    Field name Description Value
    Basic Type The basic type of the IDoc you want to monitor FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA01
    Message Type The message type used in the IDoc you want to monitor FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA
    Extension The extension name if used in the IDoc leave empty
    Root Structure Name The name of the structure you want to create ZDEMO_1_FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMD
    Destination for Remote Search The standard name of an RFC destination leave empty
    Create or Update Structure Indicates if a DDIC structure should be created or updated check the box
    Create Interface Indicates if an interface should be created check the box
    IDoc Structure Generator - General Details

    Once you check the boxes for Create or Update Structure and Create Interface, two additional sections are displayed: Structure Details and Interface Definition.

    In section Structure Details, leave the boxes unchecked and enter the following details:

    Field name Description Value
    Structure Prefix All DDIC objects created by the generator will start with this prefix to ensure correct naming ZDEMO_1_
    Package The destination package for the new DDIC objects; if the field is left empty, the objects will be created as local objects ZDEMO
    Workbench Request Enter a workbench request if the structure should be transported your workbench request
    IDoc Structure Generator - Structure Details

    In section Interface Definition, enter the following details:

    Field name Description Value
    Namespace An existing namespace in which the interface should be created DEMO_1 (the namespace created in step 4)
    Interface Name The name of the to be created interface, for example (an abbreviation of) the basic type FCUSTOMER
    Interface Version The version number of the interface 1
    Interface Description The short description of the interface your short description
    IDoc Processing Scenario There are several possibilities to monitor and process an IDoc with SAP Application Interface Framework; depending on the scenario the interface is generated with different settings ALE runtime; AIF enabler writing application log
    Customizing Request Enter a customizing request if the interface should be transported your customizing request
    IDoc Structure Generator - Interface Definition

    When you’ve entered all the details, press F8 or select Execute. The IDoc Structure Generator will start to create the required DDIC objects and the interface. Once the report is finished, a summary of what was created is displayed. Select Continue.

    IDoc Structure Generator - Display Logs
  • Step 7

    It’s recommended to implement an interface-specific single index table to ensure full flexibility, especially if you expect a high load of messages or if you plan to define key fields for your interface (now or later).

    You can also switch the single index table later, but when you do, all processed messages stored in the old single index table will no longer be visible in the Interface Monitor. The information for the newly incoming messages is stored in the new single index table of the interface.

    Create a table via transaction SE11. You can use table /AIF/STD_IDX_TBL as a template by entering /AIF/STD_IDX_TBL in the field Database table, right-clicking it and selecting Copy…. Enter the name ZIDOC_MON_IDX for the new table and select Continue. When prompted, enter the package name you created earlier.

    Create Single Index Table

    After creating the single index table, activate it by selecting Display and then Activate.

    Create Single Index Table

    Go to Customizing (transaction /n/AIF/CUST) and navigate to SAP Application Interface Framework > Error Handling > Define Namespace-Specific Features. Enter your namespace DEMO_1 and select Continue.

    Select New Entries to create a new entry in Define Interface-Specific Features. Enter your interface name FCUSTOMER and version 1 and enter the name of the newly created single index table ZIDOC_MON_IDX in the field Message Index Table.

    Details of Added Entries

    Save your changes.

  • Step 8

    If you want to monitor the newly created interface in the Interface Monitor of the Message Dashboard app, a recipient for the interface is required.

    Go to Customizing (transaction /AIF/CUST) and navigate to SAP Application Interface Framework > Error Handling > Define Namespace-Specific Features. Enter or select your namespace DEMO_1 and select Continue.

    In the menu on the left, navigate to Define Recipients by double-clicking it. Select New Entries, enter a meaningful name for your new recipient and add a description.

    Define Recipients - Details

    Save your changes.

  • Step 9

    To be able to see any data in the Interface Monitor or the Message Dashboard, a recipient must be assigned to the interface you want to monitor.

    Go to Customizing (transaction /AIF/CUST) and navigate to SAP Application Interface Framework > Error Handling > Define Interface-Specific Features. Enter or select your namespace DEMO_1, as well as your interface name FCUSTOMER and interface version 1. Select Continue.

    Select namespace and interface

    In the menu on the left, double-click Assign Recipients Without Key Fields and create a new entry. Enter or select the namespace and the recipient you created before.

    Assign recipients

    Save your changes.

  • Step 10

    Now the users in charge of monitoring the IDoc must be assigned to the recipient.

    Go to transaction /n/AIF/RECIPIENTS and select or enter your user name and any additional user names you want to assign to the recipient.

    Enter User Name

    Create a new entry and select the namespace and recipient you created in the steps before. Enter a user number and check the boxes for Include on Overview Screen and Technical User.

    Assign users to recipient

    Save the new entry.

  • Step 11

    After the setup is complete, test your settings and verify that the IDoc monitoring is working as planned.

    1. Send in new test IDocs, for example using the Test Tool for IDoc Processing (transaction WE19).

    2. In the test tool, maintain basic type FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA01.

    3. Maintain the control record fields corresponding to your partner profile and the port created beforehand as follows:

      Field name Value
      Receiver Port SAP<SID> (<SID> being your system ID)
      Receiver Partner Number The partner number as specified in the partner profile
      Receiver Type LS
      Sender Port The port as specified before
      Sender Partner Number The partner number as specified in the partner profile
      Sender Type LS
      Message Type FLCUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA
      Maintain control record
    4. Maintain sample data record by entering at least customer name, form, street, postcode, city, country and customer type. As customer type, choose either B or P.

      Maintain data record
    5. Then, select Standard Inbound. A dialog pops up informing you that the IDoc was passed to the application.

    6. If you’re using SAP GUI, check the results of your test in the Interface Monitor (transaction /n/AIF/IFMON). You’ll only be able to see the new interface if you correctly assigned your user to the recipient.

      Interface Monitor

      When you select the summary line for your recipient, you’re forwarded to Monitoring and Error Handling, where you can see your selected test message(s).

      Error Handling
    7. Alternatively, if you’re using SAP Application Interface Framework with SAP Web Dynpro, you can check the test results on the Message Dashboard (transaction /n/AIFX/ERR_WEB).

      Interface Monitor Web

      Here, too, selecting the summary line for your recipient forwards you to Monitoring and Error Handling, where you can see your selected test message(s).

      Message Dashboard Error Handling

    Congratulations! You’ve created and tested a simple IDoc interface for monitoring in SAP Application Interface Framework.

  • Step 12

    Which section is not part of the IDoc Structure Generator?

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