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SAP HANA XS Advanced, Creating a Node.js Module
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SAP HANA XS Advanced, Creating a Node.js Module

09/05/2018

Creating a Node.js Module and implementing XSJS and XSODATA

You will learn

You will learn how to build the XSJS and XSODATA services used to expose your data model to the user interface. Although XS Advanced runs on Node.js, SAP has added modules to Node.js to provide XSJS and XSODATA backward compatibility. Therefore you can use the same programming model and much of the same APIs from the Extended Application Services, classic model even within this new environment.


Step 1: Create a Node.js module

Like the previous exercises, you will start by creating a new module. New->Node.js Module

New Module

Name the module core_xsjs and press Next.

js module

Be sure to check the box Enable XSJS support. Then press Next. Then press Finish.

XSJS support

Once again the mta.yaml file has been extended to add the core_xsjs module.

MTA module updated

This XSJS module will also need the UAA service for authentication. Additionally, it will need data from the database module and the HDI container behind it. Add those dependencies to the node module

MTA module updated

Now you need to add the dependency from the web module to this new Node.js module and a destination route to it as well.

In the Requires section of the web module, add core_xsjs-api

If you are editing this manually, this should match the name of the value under Provides in the new node module

MTA module updated

Add destinations in the field group and the following key-value pairs as the properties for the core_xsjs-api module:

name: core-xsjs-backend
url: ~{url}
forwardAuthToken: true

The complete section for the web module should now look like this:

MTA module updated

What is this configuration for?

The approuter is a module that serves as a single point of entry to a Multi-Target Application. In this case, the web module contains the call to this module in the package.json file. The approuter will use routes to determine the destination for a request coming from, for example, a web browser. The configuration you have just entered is naming the Node.js destination as core-backend, URL is picking up the value from the provides URL, which is in turn taking it from the reserved environment variable, default-url.

Later at deploy, the destination routing builds a dependency and navigation ability between the two services without ever having to hard code the URLs or ports. They are assigned at deploy time and all references are automatically updated.

Save the yaml file and go into the code editor. Copy the definition of the node module in the validation below:

MTA module updated
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Step 2: Configure Routes

You can now add rules for redirecting certain requests to the web module into other modules in this project.

Open the file xs-app.json in the web module and fill in the routes with the following configuration

"routes": [{
  "source": "(.*)(.xsjs)",
  "destination": "core-xsjs-backend",
  "csrfProtection": false,
  "authenticationType": "xsuaa"
}, {
  "source": "(.*)(.xsodata)",
  "destination": "core-xsjs-backend",
  "authenticationType": "xsuaa"

}]

This is where you are configuring that any file request with the extension .xsjs or .xsodata should be rerouted internally to the Node.js destination that you defined in the mta.yaml file.

This is what the section should like:

MTA module updated
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Step 3: Enable authentication in your service

Return to the core-xsjs folder that you created in this exercise. Like the other applications, this one also starts with a package.json file. Different this time is the fact that the startup script is not an SAP provided central node application, but one that you have created via the module creation wizard.

js folder

This server.js is the Node.js bootstrap for XSJS compatibility mode. It uses the SAP provided xsjs module and starts it with a few basic parameters. However, remember all the HANA database connectivity options come from the HDI container which you bound to this service via the mta.yaml file. You want to make a few changes to what the wizard has generated. You want authentication on your service, so comment out the anonymous: true line

server.js example

Remember to Save.

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Step 4: Create an OData service

In the lib folder, create a sub-folder called xsodata.

Create a file named purchaseOrder.xsodata. In the latest versions of Web IDE, you can create both objects at the same time using New->File as follows:

New file

Here you expose both the Header and Item tables from your HDI container as separate entities and build a navigation association between the two.

service {
    "PurchaseOrder.Header"
	  as "POHeader" navigates ("Items" as "POItem");

	"PurchaseOrder.Item"
	  as "POItem";

	association "Items" principal  "POHeader"("PURCHASEORDERID")
	multiplicity "1" dependent "POItem"("POHeader.PURCHASEORDERID") multiplicity "*";
}

You can ignore the warning from XSODataValidator this time

New file
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Step 5: Create an XSJS service

In the lib folder, create a sub-folder called xsjs and a file named hdb.xsjs.

New file

Here is the source code for this file.

/*eslint no-console: 0, no-unused-vars: 0, dot-notation: 0*/
/*eslint-env node, es6 */
"use strict";

var conn = $.hdb.getConnection();
var query = "SELECT FROM PurchaseOrder.Item { " +
	        " POHeader.PURCHASEORDERID as \"PurchaseOrderItemId\", " +
            " PRODUCT as \"ProductID\", " +
            " GROSSAMOUNT as \"Amount\" " +
            " } ";
var rs = conn.executeQuery(query);

var body = "";
for(var item of rs){
   if(item.Amount >= 500){
	body += item.PurchaseOrderItemId + "\t" +
			item.ProductID + "\t" + item.Amount + "\n";
   }
}

$.response.setBody(body);
$.response.contentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel; charset=utf-16le";
$.response.headers.set("Content-Disposition",
		"attachment; filename=Excel.xls");
$.response.status = $.net.http.OK;

Create a second file named csrf.xsjs. This is an empty file which you can use to request a CSRF token for update/insert/delete operations.

Empty file
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Step 6: Execute the js module

Run the js module. It will first build the module so it will take a little longer than usual.

run module

You should see that the build and deploy were successful and the JS module is running.

build module

So now run the web module. It will need to rebuild and redeploy due to the added dependency to the js module.

run module

In the running tab, you should see the index.html from earlier. You can add the URL to your xsjs service /index.xsjs in the browser. You will see that your xsjs service is accessible via the HTML5 module runtime. The HTML5 module functions as a proxy and performs the routing to the other service internally.

running page

/xsjs/hdb.xsjs reads data from our new Purchase Order table you created in HANA in the previous exercise and exports it as an Excel text file. Feel free to test the other example xsjs files you created in this exercise as well.

excel download

/xsodata/purchaseOrder.xsodata/?$format=json shows you the definition for your OData service

odata service

Go back into SAP Web IDE for SAP HANA and click the URL for the Node.js service

odata service

Paste the result into the validation below. If you get an error, you might want to review step 3.

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