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Create a Simple IoT Device Model

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Create a Simple IoT Device Model
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Create a Simple IoT Device Model

Create a simple IoT device model in the IoT service of SAP Cloud Platform.

You will learn

  • How to create a device model
  • How to ingest simulated data using a Node.js script
  • How to ingest data using SAP Leonardo IoT Foundation Starter Kit

Step 1: Login to your IoT service instance
  1. Go to https://<INSTANCE-NAME> (replace <INSTANCE-NAME> with your own, it looks like this for example: Open a browser window and access the IoT Service for Cloud Foundry cockpit from it - the fastest way to get there is to open and then navigate to your cloud foundry sub-account, from there to your space and in there you can find the dashboard in the service instances list.
  2. Login with your user name and password (in the cloud cockpit you can find the root user credentials in the cloud foundry space in the service key area of the service instance)
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Step 2: Create a new capability
  1. On the left-side menu, expand Device Management.
  2. Click Capabilities.
  3. Create a new capability by clicking the + at the top right.
  4. Set Name to envData.
  5. Set AlternateID to envData.
  6. Add records to the Properties list using the + (near the search field on the left side).
  7. Add the following properties:
    Name Type Unit of Measure
    temperature integer °C
    humidity integer %
    light integer lux
  8. Click Create (bottom-right of the page on the grey stripe).
Capability ListCreate CapabilityCapability ListCreate Capability
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Step 3: Create a new sensor type

You need to define a sensor type to assign sensors on the devices.

  1. On the left-side menu, expand Device Management.
  2. Click Sensor Types.
  3. With the + on top right of Sensor Types list, create a new type.
  4. For Name, enter envSensorType.
  5. For Alternate ID, enter an integer between 0 and 2147483647.
  6. In the Capabilities list, add a row with Capability as envData and Type as measure.
  7. Click Create (bottom-right of the page, on the grey stripe).
Sensor Type ListCreate Sensor Type
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Step 4: Create a new MQTT device

You will create a new device with a sensor using the already defined sensor type and capability described in previous steps.

  1. On the left-side menu, expand Device Management.
  2. Click Devices.
  3. With the + on top right of Devices list, create a new device.
  4. Set the following fields:
    Name Value
    Name device1
    Gateway Select the MQTT gateway
    Alternate ID device1
  5. Click Create (bottom-right of the page, on the grey stripe).
  6. After the device is created, add a new sensor with the type envSensorType.
Device ListCreate DeviceSensor List is empty for new deviceAdd Sensor for Device

Your device has a sensor now. Check the sensor alternate ID that was defined by you (or auto-generated if you did not specify it) in the sensor list.

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Step 5: Download PEM certificate for device

You will download the certificate. Be sure you write down the secret password from the pop-up window.

  1. Navigate to the newly created device using the Devices list (see Step 4 if you need more details).
  2. Click the Certificate tab.
  3. Click Generate Certificate.
  4. Set Certificate Type to pem.
  5. Click Generate on the pop-up window.
  6. Copy-paste and persist the secret displayed on screen and the certificate file that was downloaded in the background (check your browser default folder for downloads or your browser downloads section to see the file).

>Do not forget to backup the certificate and secret password. You can email the certificate and the secret password to yourself in case you’ll need it to access the device.

>You can always generate a new certificate. The old one will remain valid.

Download Device Certificate
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Step 6: Send simulated data to device via MQTT

You’ll need to have installed Node.js on your machine or on the SAP IoT Foundation Hardware Kit to continue.

You will learn to Ingest Simulated Data using MQTT using Node.js and the device certificate.
If you have the hardware kit, than replace lines 195-199 with the actual reading for the values.

  1. Create a folder named node-mqtt-simulator.
  2. In the folder, create a file called package.json and copy-paste the following code :
      "name": "data-ingestion-iot-services",
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "description": "",
      "main": "index.js",
      "scripts": {
        "start": "node app.js",
        "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
      "author": "",
      "license": "ISC",
      "dependencies": {
        "mqtt": "^2.15.2",
        "random-js": "^1.0.8"
  3. In the folder, a file called app.js and copy-paste the following code :

    const mqtt = require('mqtt')
    var fs = require("fs");
    var random = require('random-js')();
    const deviceAlternateId = "device1";
    const sensorAltenateId = "check_your_sensor_alternate_id_because_it_is_autogenerated";
    const capabilityAlternateId = "envData";
    const certFile = "./certificates/device1-device_certificate.pem";
    const secretPasswordFile = "./certificates/device1-device_password.txt";
    var connectOptions = {
        keepalive: 10,
        clientId: deviceAlternateId,
        clean: true,
        reconnectPeriod: 2000,
        connectTimeout: 2000,
        cert: fs.readFileSync(certFile),
        key: fs.readFileSync(certFile),
        passphrase: fs.readFileSync(secretPasswordFile).toString(),
        rejectUnauthorized: false
    var mqttClient = mqtt.connect("mqtts://", connectOptions);
    mqttClient.on('connect', function() {
    	console.log("mqttClient connect");
    mqttClient.on("error", function(err) {
    	console.log("mqttClient ERROR : ");
    mqttClient.on('offline', function() {
        console.log("mqttClient offline");
    mqttClient.on('reconnect', function() {
        console.log("mqttClient reconnect");
    mqttClient.on('close', function(){
    	console.log("mqttClient close");
    var refTemperature = 25;
    var refHumidity = 70;
    var refLight = 800;
    var lastTemperature = refTemperature;
    var lastHumidity = refHumidity;
    var lastLight = refLight;
    function generateDataAndSendViaMQTT() {
        console.log(new Date().toISOString(), "Creating random data...");
        var data = {
            temperature : random.integer(lastTemperature - 1, lastTemperature + 1),
            humidity : random.integer(lastHumidity - 10, lastHumidity + 10),
            light : random.integer(lastLight - 100, lastLight + 100)
        lastTemperature = data.temperature;
        lastHumidity = data.humidity;
        lastLight = data.light;
    function sendValuesToSCPIoTService(data){
        var pushData = {
            "sensorAlternateId" : sensorAltenateId,
            "capabilityAlternateId" : capabilityAlternateId,
            "measures" : [
        var topicName = 'measures/' + deviceAlternateId;
        mqttClient.publish(topicName, JSON.stringify(pushData), [], function(err){
                console.log("MQQT client pushed data : ", pushData);
                console.log("MQQT client error :");
    setInterval(generateDataAndSendViaMQTT, 1000);
  4. Change the code in 2 places:

    • Change sensorAlternateId to the one that was generated for you in the device management cockpit.
    • Change the endpoint for MQTT to your endpoint (check the URL of the cockpit which you brought up earlier to create the device model).
  5. Go to the command line tool on your computer, change into the directory created before and then run npm install to install required modules.
  6. Create a subfolder called certificates.
  7. Download the certificate file and save it in the certificates folder with name device1-device_certificate.pem.
  8. Copy the secret and paste it in a new file, in the same folder as the certificate, with name device1-device_password.txt. Make sure you only add the password and no newline or return character.
  9. Download required node libraries using npm install from the folder that has the package.jsonin it.
  10. Run the app with npm start or node app.js.
  11. Check the console log for errors and additional information. The console log should look like this:Device Data is generated Ok
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Step 7: Check device ingested data

To check the device data, navigate using the Device Management.

  1. Click the device in the Data Visualisation section.
  2. Select the sensor, capability and all properties.

You should see data flowing in the system.

Device Chart
Which languages can be used on a specific device hardware to ingest data?

Next Steps


  1. You or someone from your team should has followed this guide Enabling the Internet of Things Service for the Cloud
    Foundry Environment
  2. You or someone from your team has created a tenant and a user to work in for yourself based on the instance owner credentials from the previous step and this guide Creating User and Tenant.
  3. If you want your data to feed into the thing model (aka, Digital Twin) in SAP IoT Application Enablement, then you or someone in your team needs to open an incident at on component BC-NEO-SVC-IOT to ask for your SAP Cloud Platform IoT Service instance to be hooked up to your SAP IoT Application Enablement subscription. Please make sure you check out the subsequent tutorials in this case.
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